Calling into the superclass :Android Tutorials

Calling into superclass
An implementation of any activity lifecycle method should always first call the superclass version. For example:
protected void onPause() {
super.onPause();
. . .
}
Taken together, these seven methods define the entire lifecycle of an activity. There are three nested loops that you can monitor by implementing them:
a)The entire lifetime of an activity happens between the first call to onCreate() through to a single final call to onDestroy(). An activity does all its initial setup of "global" state in onCreate(), and releases all remaining resources in onDestroy(). For example, if it has a thread running in the background to download data from the network, it may create that thread in onCreate() and then stop the thread in onDestroy().
b)The visible lifetime of an activity happens between a call to onStart() until a corresponding call to onStop(). During this time, the user can see the activity on-screen, though it may not be in the foreground and interacting with the user. Between these two methods, you can maintain resources that are needed to show the activity to the user. For example, you can register a BroadcastReceiver in onStart() to monitor for changes that impact your UI, and unregister it in onStop() when the user can no longer see what you are displaying. The onStart() and onStop() methods can be called multiple times, as the activity alternates between being visible and hidden to the user.
c)The foreground lifetime of an activity happens between a call to onResume() until a corresponding call to onPause(). During this time, the activity is in front of all other activities on screen and is interacting with the user. An activity can frequently transition between the resumed and paused states — for example, onPause() is called when the device goes to sleep or when a new activity is started, onResume() is called when an activity result or a new intent is delivered. Therefore, the code in these two methods should be fairly lightweight.
The following diagram illustrates these loops and the paths an activity may take between states. The colored ovals are major states the activity can be in. The square rectangles represent the callback methods you can implement to perform operations when the activity transitions between states.

The following table describes each of these methods in more detail and locates it within the activity's overall lifecycle:


Note the Killable column in the table above. It indicates whether or not the system can kill the process hosting the activity at any time after the method returns, without executing another line of the activity's code. Three methods (onPause(), onStop(), and onDestroy()) are marked "Yes." Because onPause() is the first of the three, it's the only one that's guaranteed to be called before the process is killed — onStop() and onDestroy() may not be. Therefore, you should use onPause() to write any persistent data (such as user edits) to storage.

Methods that are marked "No" in the Killable column protect the process hosting the activity from being killed from the moment they are called. Thus an activity is in a killable state, for example, from the time onPause() returns to the time onResume() is called. It will not again be killable until onPause() again returns.

As noted in a later section, Processes and lifecycle, an activity that's not technically "killable" by this definition might still be killed by the system — but that would happen only in extreme and dire circumstances when there is no other recourse.

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