What is limit order?

What is limit order?
As per FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE (FIX)  protocol A limit order is an order to buy a security at no more  than a specific Price (can be bought lower price) or sell at not less than a specific price (can be sold at higher price). This gives the customer some control over the price at which the trade is executed, but may prevent the order from being executed. a limit orders can be executed at on price or better price.

Financial Information exchange What is?

Financial Information exchange What is?
The Financial Information exchange (FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE (FIX)  protocol is an electronic communications protocol for international real-time exchange of information related to securities transactions and markets. most of the electronic trading is done in FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE (FIX)  , though different exchanges has there own native protocol but most of the broker supports FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE (FIX)  protocol.

Difference between an ECN and an exchange?

What is the difference between an ECN and an exchange?
ECN is an Electronic Communication Network ,An electronic system that attempts to eliminate the role of a third party in the execution of orders entered by an exchange market maker or an over the counter market maker, and permits such orders to be entirely or partly executed.
An ECN connects major brokerages and individual traders so that they can trade directly between themselves without having to go through a middleman. Sometimes ECNs are also referred as dark pool.

What is naked short and what is covered short?

What is naked short and what is covered short?
Naked short is when trader sells one stock which they don’t own at that moment. Covered Short Sell means that trader owns stock which they are shorting.

Difference between Sell Orders and Short Sell Orders?

Difference between Sell Orders and Short Sell Orders?
Sell means selling your own securities , short selling means selling securities without owning them normally broker lend securities to user.there are
two kinds of short sell e.g. Covered Short Sell and naked Short Sell, most of the stock exchanges doesn't allow naked short sell because its normally abused to take stock price downward.

What is the difference between a Stock and a Bond?

What is the difference between a Stock and a Bond?
Stock is equity instrument while Bond is debt asset. Since equity is more risky associated with Market Risk it can provide more returns while Bond is
relatively safer instrument so it provide predefined interest called "coupon" though Bond is also associated with Counter Party Risk.

What is an Exchange?

What is an Exchange?Exchange – An exchange is a highly organized market where (especially) tradeble securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures and options contracts are sold and bought. Exchange brings together brokers and dealers who buy and sell these objects.
Examples of exchanges are Bombay Stock Exchange, NeyWork Stock Exchange (NYSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE)  


Financial information exchange Java Interview Questions

Financial information exchange Java Interview Questions
1)What is an Exchange?
2)What is the difference between a Stock and a Bond?
3)What is the difference between Sell Orders and Short Sell Orders?
4)What is naked short and what is covered short?
5)What is the difference between an ECN and an exchange?
6)What is FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE (FIX) Protocol?
7)What is limit order?
8)What is a market order?
9)What is a stop or stop loss order?


Why java string is immutable

 Why java string is immutable?
This is one of the most popular interview question on String in Java which starts with discussion of What is immutable object , what are the benefits of immutable object , why do you use it and which scenarios do you use it.

It can also come once interviewee answers some preliminarily strings questions e.g. What is String pool , What is the difference between String and StringBuffer , What is the difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder etc.

Though there could be many possible answer for this question and only designer of String class can answer this , I think below two does make sense

1)Imagine StringPool facility without making string immutable , its not possible at all because in case of string pool one string object/literal e.g. "Test" has referenced by many reference variables , so if any one of them change the value others will be automatically gets affected i.e. lets say

String A = "Test"
String B = "Test"

Now String B called "Test".toUpperCase() which change the same object into "TEST" , so A will also be "TEST" which is not desirable.

2)String has been widely used as parameter for many java classes e.g. for opening network connection you can pass hostname and port number as stirng , you can pass database URL as string for opening database connection, you can open any file by passing name of file as argument to File I/O classes.

In case if String is not immutable , this would lead serious security threat , I mean some one can access to any file for which he has authorization and then can change the file name either deliberately or accidentally and gain access of those file.

3)Since String is immutable it can safely shared between many threads ,which is very
important for multithreaded programming.

I believe there could be some more very convincing reasons also , Please post those reasons as comments and I will include those on this post.

Nanny Caretaker Interview questions

Nanny Caretaker Interview questions
1)What Questions Should I ask a Provider or Day Care Centre Director?
2)How can I Tell Good Day Care from Bad Day Care?
3)What Types of Day Care are Available?
4)Where do I Begin to look for Day Care?
5)Do you have any Dietary or other Restrictions?
6)Can you Drive?
7)Do you Smoke?
8)Was the Applicants Childhood Stable?
9)What Qualities are you Looking for in a Family?
10)What are your Hobbies Interests?
11)These are the Job Requirements. Does this sound like something you can handle?
12)Personal recommendations from Teachers or Clergy Members. What are your child-rearing philosophies?
13)What are your Child Care Experiences?
14)Why do you Wish to be a Nanny?

Bookkeeper Interview questions

Bookkeeper Interview questions
1)Why should I hire you?
2)Why do you want this position?
3)Why did you leave your last job?
4)Tell me about your greatest weakness?
5)What are your greatest strengths?
6)What do you know about our company?
7)We have met several candidates. Why are you the one we should hire?
8)How do you handle stress and pressure?
9)What are your goals for the future?
10)Tell me why are you considering leaving your present job?
11)Do you have any questions for me?
12)Where do you see yourself in 5 years?
13)What do you like in a Boss or Supervisor?
14)What are your Salary Expectations?
15)What is your Greatest Weakness?

Day Child caretaker Interview Questions

Day Child caretaker Interview Questions
1)If you could do so how would you plan your college career differently?
2)At What Point did you Choose this Career?
3)What other things should I know about Day Care?
4)How Can I improve the odds of Finding Quality Care for my Family?
5)Dont day care Rules and Regulations ensure my Child Safe, Quality Child Care?
6)Does Quality Child Care actually make a Difference? Why should I be so Concerned?
7)When choosing a Centre or Provider is it best to go with my Gut Feelings instead of doing all that Reference-Checking?
8)Is it important to Check References? How do I do that? What Questions do I ask?
9)What Parents should know about a Baby Sitter?
10)How to find a Baby sitter?
11)How to Write a Babysitter Job Description ?
12)Four Good Reasons To Check References Before Hiring A Babysitter ?

TIBCO Rendezvous EMS and JMS Interview Questions

1) What do you mean by TIBCO RVD (Rendezvous Daemon)?
2) How does TIBCO RVD (Rendezvous Daemon) works?
3) What is the difference between Tibco RVD and Tibco RVRD?
4) What is the bus architecture and what is hub spoke architecture?
5) Difference between Tibco RV and Tibco EMS?
6) If want to ensure that no message lost by using Tibco RV, how do you achieve it?
7) How does Tibco Certified messaging works?
8) What will happen if you delete Tibco ledger file while your process is still running using certified transport?
9) What do you mean by transport? Do you make topic as certified or transport as certified?
10) What are the main benefits of using Tibco RV?
11) What is the fundamental difference between working of Tibco RVD and JMS Queue?
12) What is the advantage and disadvantage of using Tibco EMS?
13) What do you mean by subject based filtering or subject based addressing?
14) What do you mean by JMS Selector?
15) How does JMS Selector works?
16) When should you use Tibco RV and when should you prefer Tibco EMS?
17) What do you mean by durable topic/queue?
18) What will happen if you kill the Tibco rvd and your process is running?
19) Can you bind one service to same tibco transport in case of tibco RV?
20) What are the benefits and drawback of using tibco RV?
21) You have your GUI application and running on windows machine and server is running on linux machine? How do you communicate between server and GUI?
22) What are the advantage and disadvantage between TCP and multicast?
23) Which protocol tibco RV is based upon?
24) What do you mean by service, daemon and network in tibco RV?
25) What do you mean by remote daemon in case of tibco RV? When do you use remote daemon? What are disadvantage of using tibco RV remote daemon?
26) What do you mean by tibco RV (Rendezvous) storm?
27) What do you mean by DATALOSS? What are inbound and outbound dataloss?
28) What is tibco rv reliability parameter? how does it affect working of tibco rv ?
29) What is request reply messaging, in which condition we should use tibco RV request reply messaging.
30) What is difference between request/reply and publish/subscribe?
31) How do you find out whether tibco rvd is running or not in both windows machine and linux machine?
32) How do you find out on which topics your tibco rvd has made subscription?
33) How do you publish message on a topic and how do you receive message from a topic ?
34) What are Inbox topics?
35) What is tibco hawk?
36) How does tibco helps in terms of monitoring application?
37) How does tibco hawk works?
38) What are main components of tibco hawk?
39) What is ledger file?
40) When should we use file based ledger and when should we use in memory ledger?
41) How do you view message form ledger file?
42) What do you mean by pre registration in case of tibco RV certified messaging?
43) How do you ensure a message will not be lost between two process even if one of them is not up and running?
44) What are tibco advisory messages?
45) What will happen if a application tries to create a tibco rv transport and tibco rvd is not running on that host?

JCL Practice interview questions (Practical)

  1. JCL Practice interview questions (Practical)
  2. Create a PDS and 5 Memebers
  3. Create a PS and 5 members
  4. Write COBOL program for Addtion of 2 numbers (ADDPRG)
  5. Write COBOL program for subtraction of 2 numbers (SUB PRG)
  6. Write COBOL program for multiplication of 2 numbers (MULPRG)
  7. Write COBOL program for division of 2 numbers (DIVPRG)
  8. Write a JCL program to excute ADDPRG using DD *
  9. Write a JCL program to excute ADDPRG using DD Dummy..
  10. Write a JCL program to excute ADDPRG,SUBPRG,MULPRG and DIVPRG.
  11. Write a JCL prgram to set TIME for above program and watch.
  12. Write a JCL program to create a PS
  13. Write a JCL program to create a PDS.
  14. Write a JCL catalog procedure for ADDPRG and call it from other JCL program.
  15. Write a JCL instream procedure for ADDPRG and call it.
  16. Write a JCL procedure with Symbolic Parameter.
  17. Write a JCL procedure with Overriding Parameter
  18. Write a COBOL Program to copy records from one file to other file.
18. Write a JCL program to copy data from PS to PS using IEBGENER.
19. Write a JCL program to copy all data from PDS to PDS using IEBCOPY.
20. Write a JCL program to copy selected data from PDS to PDS using IEBCOPY.
21. Write a JCL program to copy other than selected data from PDS to PDS using IEBCOPY.
22. Write a JCL program to print all data from PS using IEBPTPCH
23. Write a JCL program to Rename a Dataset using IEHPROGM
24. Write a JCL program to Delete a Dataset using IEHPROGM
25. Write a JCL program to Catalog a Dataset using IEHPROGM
26. Write a JCL program to Un-Catalog a Dataset using IEHPROGM
27. Write a JCL program to sort records in Ascending order using SORT
28. Write a JCL program to sort records in Descending order using SORT
29. Write a JCL program to sort records with atleast 2 fields order using SORT

Mainframes JCL Interview Questions

Mainframes JCL Interview Questions
  1. What is JCL?
  2. Difference between JCL and COBOL-II
  3. What is JOB?
  4. What is PROC?
  5. What are the difference between JOB and PROC?
  6. List all JCL statements
  7. What is EXEC statement?
  8. What is DD statement?
  9. What is meant by // and /* and //*
  10. What is PROC and PEND statement?
  11. What is OUTPUT statement?
  12. How many EXEC statement allowed in a single JCL? (255)
  13. How many DD statement allowed in a single JCL? (3273)
  14. Explain JCL coding format
  15. What is Parameter? Tell its 2 types.
  16. What is POSITIONAL PARAMETER?
  17. What is KEYWORD PARAMETER?
  18. What is JOBNAMEs? Explain its rules.
  19. What is 2 parts of POSITIONAL PARAMETER?
  20. Explain Accounting Information in POSITIONAL PARAMETER
  21. Explain Programmer Information in POSITIONAL PARAMETER
  22. What is KEYWORD PARAMETER? How do u find it ? (By = sign)
  23. What is CLASS Parameter?
  24. What is PRTY Parameter?
  25. What is MSGCLASS Parameter?
  26. What is MSGLEVEL Parameter?
  27. Explain MSGLEVEL(0,1), MSGLEVEL(0,2), MSGLEVEL(1,1),
MSGLEVEL(1,2), MSGLEVEL(2,1),MSGLEVEL(2,2).
  1. What is COND Parameter?
  2. What is meant by Return code?
  3. RC=0, RC=8 , RC>8 , RC=3000 explain it
  4. What is the range of the RC (0-4095)
  5. Explain TIME Parameter
  1. How do terminate a job? (3 methods COND, // , TIME)
  2. Explain RESTART Parameter
  3. Explain TYPERUN Parameter
  4. What is HOLD and SCAN ?
  5. Explain ADDRSPC Parameter
  6. What is REAL and VIRT? (Default is VIRT)
  7. Explain REGION Parameter
  8. Explain NOTIFY Parameter
  9. List all JOB Parameters.
  10. What is EXEC Statement? How many EXEC statement allowed in a JCL?
  11. What is PGM, PROC, PARM, COND and TIME Parameters?
  12. Explain ONLY / EVEN in COND Parameter.
  13. What is the difference between JOB COND and EXEC COND parameters?
  14. What us PARM Parameter? Can u explain it with a COBOL Program?
  15. What is DD Stands for?
  16. Explain the DD statement rules
  17. What is the difference between DD Statement and PARM statement (3 points)
  18. What is the difference between DD * , DD Data and DUMMY statement.
  19. What is DLM? Can we use // or /* in DLM statement?
  20. What is meant by DSN?
  21. What is DISP? What are its parameters? (D1,D2.D3)
  22. Explain about NEW, OLD, SHR and MOD.
  23. Explain about KEEP, DELETE, PASS, CATLG and UNCATLG.
  24. Explain about third parameter in DISP Parameter. (D3)
  25. What is UNIT ? Explain its parameters.
  26. What is VOL? Explain its parameters
  27. What is LABEL Parameters?
  28. What is SPACE Parameters?
  29. What is Load Data Set?
  30. What is JOBLIB?
  31. What is STEPLIB?
  32. What is the difference between JOBLIB and STEPLIB?
  33. What is SYSIN and SYSOUT?
  34. What is OCB. Explain its 5 parameters
  1. What is LRECL. Explain it with COBOL statement.
  2. What is BLKSIZE. Explain it with COBOL statement.
  3. What is RECFM. Explain it with COBOL statement.
  4. What is DSORG. Explain it with COBOL statement.
  5. What is EROPT. Explain it with COBOL statement.
  6. What is V, F, U, VB, VF, VBA and FBA?
  7. What is PROCEDURE? What are its 2 types?
  8. What is Instream procedure?
  9. What is catalog procedure?
  10. Explain the coding rules for a Procedure? (4 points)
  11. Explain the coding rules for a Instream Procedure.(4 points)
  12. What is IIP, DIP, ICP, DCP and IAP?
  13. How many types of Parameters are in Procedure.
  14. What is Symbolic Parameters?
  15. What is Overriding Parameter?
  16. Explain filecopy method in Mainframe
  17. What is meant by JCL Utilities?
  18. What are the rules for JCL Utilities?
  19. What is IEBGENER?
  20. What is IEBCOPY?
  21. What is IEBPTPCH?
  22. How do u copy all members from one DSN to other DSN?
  23. How do u copy a particular members from one DSN to other DSN?
  24. How do u copy other than selected members from one DSN to other DSN?
  25. What is meant by System Utilities?
  26. What is IEHPROGM?
  27. What are the rules for System Utilities?
  28. Explain RENAME, NEWNAME, UNCATLG, CATLG and DELETE
  29. What are the differece between System Utilities and JCL Utilities
  30. Explain about Other Utilities?
  31. Explain SORT Utility
  32. Explain SORT FIELDS parameter.
  33. Explain if SORT Parameter CH has the value BI or X or PD or ZD or AC or CH.

Mainframes MVS Interview Questions

Mainframes MVS Interview Questions
  1. What is Mainframe ?
  2. What is System SW and Application SW?
  3. Clasify IBM’s Operating Systems
  4. What is Virtual Machine?
  5. What are the classification of MVS
  6. What is MVS/ESA ?
  7. What are the specialities of MVS/370 System?
  8. What are the 3 type of Memory available?
  9. What are the two type of Secondary Storage device?
  10. What is Channel?
  11. What are main characteristics of mainframe computers?
  12. What is Virtual Storage?
  13. What is Multiprogramming?
  14. What is Spooling?
  15. What is Batch Processing?
  16. What is Time Sharing?
  17. What is Logical Transfer and Physical Transfer of data?
  18. What is Direct and Indirect method of data transfer?
  19. What is Paging System?
  20. What is Swapping System?
  21. What is Fore-ground processing and Back-ground processing?
  22. What is meant Volume?
  23. What is meant by Unit?
  24. What is meant by Disk?
  25. What is meant by Tracks?
  26. What is meant by Cylinder?
  27. What is meant by DASD?
  28. What is DATASET?
  29. What is Label? What are the 2 types of labels?
  30. What is DASD Lable and what are the 2 types of DASD Lable.
  31. What is Tape Label?
  32. What is Volume Label?
  33. What is File Label?
  1. What is meant by VTOC and DSCB?
  2. What is CATALOG?
  3. What are the 2 types of CATALOGS?
  4. What is Master Catalog?
  5. What is User Catalog?
  6. Are 2 Master Catalogs available in one system?
  7. What is OS Catalog?
  8. What is VSAM Catalog?
  9. What is ICF?
  10. What is VDDS / SDDS?
  11. What is SYSADM?
  12. what are the DATA SET Organisation types available?
  13. What is Non-VSAM?
  14. What is VSAM ?
  15. What is PS,IS,DA and PDS?
  16. What are types dataset available in VSAM?
  17. What is EDS,KSDS,RRDS and LDS?
  18. What is AMS (Access Method Service)? Explain its 3 steps.

Reference to a pointer ? is possible is pointer to a reference possible?

No, you cannot. It is explicitly stated in C++ spec that pointers to references are prohibited.

What is Friend function or class why you need them

What is Friend function or class why you need them?
Shortly, friend class or function is a class or a function that declared friend of an other class. The idea behind friend class is to provide the access to the private and protected members or member functions of the friend class. There is a lot of controversial opinions on this topic and you should not usually use friends as it is a hole in your design. One of the examples where it's used is a momento design pattern.

Virtual Constructor is it possible? if yes how? if not y?

Virtual Constructor is it possible? if yes how? if not y?
A: There is nothing like Virtual Constructor. The Constructor can’t be virtual as the constructor is a code which is responsible for creating an instance of a class and it can’t be delegated to any other object by virtual keyword means.

Silk test integration with visual studio 2010 Vedio tutorial

Silk test integration with visual studio 2010 Vedio tutorial
The below Vedio shows a tutorial to how to integrate silk test with Visual studio 2010

Tester Qa with Linux Interview questions

Tester Qa with Linux Interview questions
1)How do you list files in a directory ?
2)How do you find out all processes that are currently running?
3)How could I transfer a file from Windows machine to a Linux machine
4)If you don't know how to do one of the above tasks, how would you find out?
5)Did you use grep command? what is it used for and explain use of it?
6)How do you list files in Linux?
7)What are commands mostly you use in linux?

Telephonic interview questions for testers

Telephonic interview questions for testers
1)What's the difference between black box testing and white box testing?
2) When and how you report an issue, what information to you include?
3) Do you have any formal QA training?
4) Have you used continuous integrations tools?
5)What is an pairwise testing?

QA Tester Sql Interview questions

QA Tester Sql Interview questions

  • What does RDBMS stand for?
  • What do DDL, DML and DCL stand for?
  • What is a primary key?
  • What is the main role of a primary key in a table?
  • What is a foreign key?
  • Can a table have more than one foreign key defined?
  • What types of joins are possible with database server?
  • What's the difference between an inner join and an outer join?
  • What is a stored procedure?
  • What is trigger?
  • What is view?
  • What is cursor?
    • What is difference between DELETE, TRUNCATE and DROP commands?
    • Explain the difference between function and stored procedure?
    • What is SQL Profiler?
    • What default TCP Port is Microsoft SQL Server running under?
    • What default TCP Port is Oracle SQL Server running under?
    • What default TCP Port is MySQL running under?
  •  

Difference between Borland Silk test and Selenium test

Difference between Borland Silk test and Selenium test?
Solution: Selenium is completely free test automation tool, while Silk Test is not. Only web applications can be testing using Selenium testing suite. However, Silk Test can be used for testing client server applications. Selenium supports following web browsers: Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, Opera or Konqueror on Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. However, Silk Test is limited to Internet Explorer and Firefox. Silk Test uses 4Test scripting language. However, Selenium test suite has the flexibility to use many languages like Java, .Net, Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby.

What is Selenium RC(Remote Control)?

Solution: Selenium RC allows the test automation expert to use a programming language for maximum flexibility and extensibility in developing test logic. For example, if the application under test returns a result set and the automated test program needs to run tests on each element in the result set, the iteration / loop support of programming language’s can be used to iterate through the result set, calling Selenium commands to run tests on each item. Selenium RC provides an API and library for each of its supported languages. This ability to use Selenium RC with a high level programming language to develop test cases also allows the automated testing to be integrated with the project’s automated build environment.
More info can be found here

What are the limitations of using Selenium with Flex based UIs ?

What are the limitations of using Selenium with Flex based UIs ?
Solution: There is a relatively new open source project called FlexUISelenium located here, which allows Flex based UIs to be tested by Selenium. FlexUISelenium is an extension to the Selenium RC client driver that enables the Selenium RC client drivers to interact (and test) the Flex UI components and methods of the Flex application. FlexUISelenium works on the same lines as the Selenium Flash UI testing concept make calls to the ActionScript via JavaScript from Selenium.
Pros:
1)With FlexUISelenium the developers do not need to expose every method to be tested by using the ExernalInterface technique.
2)Just adding the SeleniumFlexAPI.swc library to the Flex application while building automatically exposes all methods to be called from external JavaScript.
Cons:
  • The FlexUISelenium project is quiet new and has some issues as reported on the project home page.
  • Its not production ready yet and hence not very reliable.
  • The developers have to include an external library which is otherwise not required for production builds.
  • How would you test Pop-up window using Selenium ?
  • Solution: First steps would be to determine whether this is an alert dialog -created using JavaScript's alert() or a bona-fide pop up window probably using open(). Since they both are treated differently its important to understand what kind of test case it is and what exactly interviewee asking.

Describe some problems that you had with Selenium tool ?

Describe some problems that you had with Selenium tool ?
Solution: The one big limitation in Selenium - Select a file in a File Input field for sake of uploading.
XPaths makes tests slow
Having Ids for elements make tests faster but the UI code might not have Ids for all elements
XPaths are brittle - ie flaky because if the UI developer changes anything like adding or removing a DIV, then the XPath becomes invalid and has to be updated in the tests.
 
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