What is 3g technology?

Wireless technology interview question
What is 3g technology?
Definition: 3G, known as 3rd Generation, is a standard for mobile / cellular phones. It provides the services that fulfill the International Telecommunication Union specifications.
The application services of 3G include wireless voice telephone, mobile internet access, video calls and mobile television – all in a mobile environment.
3G allows simultaneous use of speech and data services
3G provides peak data rates of at least 200 KBits according to the IMT-2000 specification.
Mobile broadband access of several MBits to laptop computer systems, smart phones is provided by latest 3.5G, 3.75G versions.
3G standards:
UMTS:
  • Universal Mobile Telecommunications System – One of the 3G mobile telecommunications technologies, also being developed into a 4G technology.
  • Most common form of UMTS uses W-CDMA as an underlying air interface.
  • UMTS also covers Radio Access Network – UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN), and Mobile Application Part (MAP).
  • Users are authenticated via USIM cards (Universal Subscriber Identity Module).
CDMA2000
  • Also known as IMT Multi-Carrier (IMT-MC), uses CDMA channel access for sending voice, data and signaling data between mobile phones and cell sites.
  • The standards are CDMA2000 IX, CDMA2000 EV-DOR Rev.0, CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev.A and CDMA2000 EV-Rev.B. They are approved radio interfaces for the ITU’s IMT-2000.

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