What are HTML Tags

What are HTML Tags?

Consider this example
  1. <html>
  2. <head>
  3. <title>Your page title</title>
  4. </head>
  5. <body>
  6. <!-- An HTML comment which is not displayed on the web page -->
  7. <h1>Your page heading</h1>
  8. <p>Your page content in a paragraph.</p>
  9. </body>
  10. </html>
The words <html><head><title></title></head><body><h1><p></p>,</h1></body></html> etc., are called HTML Tags.
The words <html><head><title><body><h1><p> etc., are called opening tags / start tags.
The words </html></head></title></body></h1></p> (with a back slash /) etc., are called closing tags / end tags

What is the syntax to write an HTML Tag?

HTML Tags are not case sensitive and you are free to use both uppercase or lowercase tags or a combination of both. Now a days many websites use lowercase tags and for future specifications (versions) of HTML it is recommended to use lowercase tags.
Any number of line breaks and spaces in a HTML document are treated as a single space character (exception: <pre></pre> tag).

  1. <p>Your page content in a paragraph.</p>
  1. <p>
  2. Your page content in a paragraph.
  3. </p>
  1. <p>
  2. Your page
  3. content in a paragraph.
  4. </p>
  1. <p>
  2. Your page
  3. content in a paragraph.
  4. </p>
  1. <p>
  2. Your page
  3. content
  4. in a paragraph.
  5. </p>
The ouput of all the above codes is same.

List of some commonly used HTML Tags

Please note that the default display of elements will be different from our examples as we use various CSS to style our web page
TagDescriptionExample
<a>Anchor tag is used to display hyper linksThis is a link
<b>This tag makes the text inside it boldThis is a bold text
<body>This defines the body of a HTML documentThis tag is found in each and every web page
<br />Introduces a line break in the web page.
It is an empty element which has no closing tag
line 1 
line 2
<button>Creates a clickable button (mostly used in forms)
<div>Used to organise content into divisions (sections)Extensively used in almost all web pages
<em>Emphasizes text inside itThis text is emphasized
<form>Used to submit data using input tagsView forms demo
<frame>Creates a frame which is like a sub-windowView frames demo
<h1> to<h6>Heading tags are used to define the heading of a page

Heading

in a <h2> tag
<head>Contains the information of a dcoument like page's titleView example
<hr />Similar to <br /> tag but introduces a horizontal lineline 1 

line 2
<html>It is the root of any HTML documentIt is found in every html document
<i>Makes the text inside it italicizedThis is an italic text
<iframe>Creates an inline frameView iframes demo
<img />Image tag is an empty tag used to insert images
<input />An empty element used to input data
<label>Acts as a label for an input
<li>Display an item of a list (ordered and unordered)




  • Item 1
  • <ol>Make an ordered list of items
    1. Item 1
    2. Item 2
    <p>Display content in a paragraphThis is a paragraph
    This is another paragraph
    <span>Define a section in a documentUsed to style different sections in an element
    <strong>Make the text look more importantThis is a strong text
    <table>Create a tableYou are already viewing this in a table
    <td>Display a table cellThis text is in a table cell
    <tr>Create a table rowThese three cells of the current line form a row
    <ul>Make an unordered list of items
    • Item 1
    • Item 2
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    Keyboard Shortcuts for Microsoft Windows operating system.

    Keyboard Shortcuts for Microsoft Windows operating system.
    Keyboard Shorcuts (Microsoft Windows)
    1. CTRL+C (Copy)
    2. CTRL+X (Cut)
    3. CTRL+V (Paste)
    4. CTRL+Z (Undo)
    5. DELETE (Delete)
    6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)
    7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
    8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
    9. F2 key (Rename the selected item)
    10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)
    11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
    12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)
    13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)
    14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
    SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)
    15. CTRL+A (Select all)
    16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
    17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
    18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
    19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)
    20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
    21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents opensimultaneou sly)
    22. ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)
    23. ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
    24. F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
    25. F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
    26. SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
    27. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
    28. CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)
    29. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
    30. F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
    31. RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
    32. LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
    33. F5 key (Update the active window)
    34. BACKSPACE (View the folder onelevel up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
    35. ESC (Cancel the current task)
    36. SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROMinto the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)
    Dialog Box - Keyboard Shortcuts
    1. CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
    2. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
    3. TAB (Move forward through the options)
    4. SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
    5. ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
    6. ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
    7. SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
    8. Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
    9. F1 key (Display Help)
    10. F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
    11. BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)
    Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts
    1. Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
    2. Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
    3. Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)
    4. Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)
    5. Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restorethe minimized windows)
    6. Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)
    7. Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)
    8. CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
    9. Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)
    10. Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)
    11. Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)
    12. Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)
    13. Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts
    14. Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
    15. Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
    16. Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
    17. SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)
    18. NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)
    19. Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)
    20. Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts
    21. END (Display the bottom of the active window)
    22. HOME (Display the top of the active window)
    23. NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)
    24. NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
    25. NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
    26. LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)
    27. RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)
    Shortcut Keys for Character Map
    After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
    1. RIGHT ARROW (Move to the rightor to the beginning of the next line)
    2. LEFT ARROW (Move to the left orto the end of the previous line)
    3. UP ARROW (Move up one row)
    4. DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
    5. PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
    6. PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
    7. HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)
    8. END (Move to the end of the line)
    9. CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)
    10. CTRL+END (Move to the last character)
    11. SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Normal mode when a character is selected)
    Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
    Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts
    1. CTRL+O (Open a saved console)
    2. CTRL+N (Open a new console)
    3. CTRL+S (Save the open console)
    4. CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)
    5. CTRL+W (Open a new window)
    6. F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
    7. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
    8. ALT+F4 (Close the console)
    9. ALT+A (Display the Action menu)
    10. ALT+V (Display the View menu)
    11. ALT+F (Display the File menu)
    12. ALT+O (Display the Favorites menu)
    MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts
    1. CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)
    2. ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)
    3. SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)
    4. F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)
    5. F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
    6. CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)
    7. CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)
    8. ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for theselected item)
    9. F2 key (Rename the selected item)
    10. CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)
    Remote Desktop Connection Navigation
    1. CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)
    2. ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)
    3. ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
    4. ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
    5. ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)
    6. CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
    7. ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
    8. CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
    9. CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place asnapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboardand provide the same functionality aspressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
    Microsoft Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts
    1. CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
    2. CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)
    3. CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)
    4. CTRL+H (Open the History bar)
    5. CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar)
    6. CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)
    7. CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)
    8. CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box,the same as CTRL+L)
    9. CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)
    10. CTRL+R (Update the current Web )
    www.cinterviews.com appreciates your contribution please mail us the questions you have to cinterviews.blogspot.com@gmail.com so that it will be useful to our job search community
     
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