strcpy() function in C Language


  • strcpy( ) function copies contents of one string into another string. Syntax for strcpy function is given below.
char * strcpy ( char * destination, const char * source );
  • Example:
strcpy ( str1, str2) – It copies contents of str2 into str1.
strcpy ( str2, str1) – It copies contents of str1 into str2.
  • If destination string length is less than source string, entire source string value won’t be copied into destination string.
  • For example, consider destination string length is 20 and source string length is 30. Then, only 20 characters from source string will be copied into destination string and remaining 10 characters won’t be copied and will be truncated.

Example program for strcpy( ) function in C language:

    • In this program, source string “fresh2refresh” is copied into target string using strcpy( ) function.

Output:

source string = fresh2refresh
target string =
target string after strcpy( ) = fresh2refresh

Other String functions in C Language:

    • String.h header file supports all the string functions in C language. All the string functions are given below.
S.no
String functions
Description
1strcat ( ) Concatenates str2 at the end of str1.
2strncat ( ) appends a portion of string to another
3strcpy ( ) Copies str2 into str1
4strncpy ( ) copies given number of characters of one string to another
5strlen ( ) gives the length of str1.
6strcmp ( ) Returns 0 if str1 is same as str2. Returns <0 if strl < str2. Returns >0 if str1 > str2.
7strcmpi ( ) Same as strcmp() function. But, this function negotiates case.  “A” and “a” are treated as same.
8strchr ( ) Returns pointer to first occurrence of char in str1.
9strrchr ( ) last occurrence of given character in a string is found
10strstr ( ) Returns pointer to first occurrence of str2 in str1.
11strrstr ( ) Returns pointer to last occurrence of str2 in str1.
12strdup ( ) duplicates the string
13strlwr ( ) converts string to lowercase
14strupr ( ) converts string to uppercase
15strrev ( ) reverses the given string
16strset ( ) sets all character in a string to given character
17strnset ( ) It sets the portion of characters in a string to given character
18strtok ( ) tokenizing given string using delimiter

www.cinterviews.com appreciates your contribution please mail us the questions you have to cinterviews.blogspot.com@gmail.com so that it will be useful to our job search community

No comments:

 
Top Blogs