How to read from a pipeline with Perl- Perl interview

How to read from a pipeline with Perl

Example 1:

To run the date command from a Perl program, and read the output
of the command, all you need are a few lines of code like this:
open(DATE, "date|");
$theDate = ;
close(DATE);
The open() function runs the external date command, then opens
a file handle DATE to the output of the date command.
Next, the output of the date command is read into
the variable $theDate through the file handle DATE.
Example 2:

The following code runs the "ps -f" command, and reads the output:
open(PS_F, "ps -f|");
while () {
($uid,$pid,$ppid,$restOfLine) = split;
# do whatever I want with the variables here ...
}
close(PS_F);

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