Protocol Conformance Testing - process of systematically selecting each requirement in a standards document and then testing to see if the device under test operates according to that requirement. This is done by creating a series of single function tests for each requirement, resulting in thousands of tests.
Conformance testing for Computer networks
protocols is defined in ISO/IEC 9646-1:1994(E) as "testing both the capabilities and behavior of an implementation, and checking what is observed against the conformance requirements in the relevant International Standards."
An example of a conformance test is to check if the “ping” command operates correctly.